Science & Humanities Websites

Relatively Reliable News Media

The news media is the easiest and cheapest information to access.  But beware!  It is also the least reliable, especially social media. 

Be very skeptical with all news media and do not trust any information unless you can corroborate it from several sources.  Often you will find that you cannot corroborate information, which is good indication that it is probably biased opinion rather than fact.  Be especially careful with web news media because the exact same story is often echoed over and over again, giving the appearance of multiple stories when it's just the same story repeated.  This "internet echo" is not the same thing as independent corroboration of evidence.

Here are some of the most reliable news media sources, which is not to say that they are not biased.  They are all biased, although some more than others.  But most of these sources strive for some objectivity, and all of these sources rely on multiple sources of data, although some collect and analyze more data than others.


The Economist Magazine (England)


The New York Times (USA)


The Atlantic Magazine (USA)


The Associated Press (Global)


The Nation (USA)


The Wall Street Journal (USA)


PolitiFact (USA)


Bloomberg Businessweek (USA)


The Guardian (England)


The Los Angeles Times (USA)


Politico (USA)


Frontline - Investigative Documentaries (USA)


BBC (England)




Foreign Affairs (USA)


Open (USA)


Free Books

You can access a books and e-books via your nearest public library.  Universities have the largest libraries with the best materials.  You can freely visist any university library to use resources, but they usually do not let you check out books.

There are many websites that give you free access to public domain works.  All you have to do is download the file or read the book online.


Project Gutenberg


Apple itunes e-books


Amazon Kindle e-books


Open Culture e-books


Kobo e-books


Google Books

Free University Class

Many universities offer free classes via the web.  You can access course materials, watch lectures, and read the assigned textbook - all at your own pace.  Some courses even offer feedback and tests, although these services often come with a price.


Oxford University on itunes


Open Courseware (OCW)  search for course


edX (MIT, Harvard, UC Berkeley)




MIT open courseware


Yale open courseware


Notre Dame open courseware


Tufts open courseware


University of California, Irvine open courseware

Adademic Databases

Academic databases contain the most reliable and up-to-date information: articles published in academic journals.  However, databases are expensive to access, unless you are a university student.  If you live near a university, you can access academic databases for free within the university library.  You don't have to be a student to visit university libraries - you just can't check out any of the materials.

Google Scholar is a free database, but currently it does not contain very many sources.

If you don't have access to a university library, but you know the author's name, then sometimes you can find articles on a professor's personal website.

This is the best academic database, with access to hundreds of thousands of articles, but you will need to go to a university library to use it for free.


Google Scholar    

It's free, but many (if not most) articles are not fully available


Academic Search Complete    

It is not as good as JSTOR, but it is easier to use for novices; however, it also contains a lot of unreliable news media sources.


The World Library of Science (UNESCO & Nature)

This new database contains free articles and books on various topics in science.